Intuition Pumps – celebrated philosopher Daniel Dennett on the dignity and art-science of making mistakes.
Daniel Dennett on making mistakes as a hallmark of human intelligence.
People who feel they deserve success are among those most likely to fail when challenges arise, research from New Zealand has revealed.
“People who believe that they don’t need to work for good grades – that they are just entitled to them by right – are annoying, but there wasn’t any evidence before now that it’s actually a self-destructive strategy,” says study co-author Professor Jamin Halberstadt, at the University of Ontago in New Zealand.
The study also supports the notion that people who feel excessively entitled believe that others are responsible for their success or failure, and are less motivated to put in extra effort when required.
“When an entitled person encounters obstacles to achieving an outcome, they feel like they shouldn’t have to work for it,” Jamin says. “In fact, you should see a challenge as evidence that you need to work harder.”
For the curious, a previous How I Work with yours truly can be found here.
Where the inspirational figure is selected for us, and the gap between their life and ours is too great, the effect is not one of encouragement but of disillusionment - especially if their story is told in terms of personal qualities like bravery or persistence.
Knowing a famous person has the same impairment as you can be reassuring, but only in the vague way that hearing of a successful distant relative is reassuring.
Most of us will never scale Everest, compete for our country at sports or have a showbiz career. This doesn’t mean we’ve failed.
For BBC’s Mental Health Awareness Week, Mark Brown questions the value of glorifying role models who share our own disabilities and pathologies.
A flipside of the same coin to consider is the perilous “tortured genius” myth of creativity, which implies that depression, addiction, and other mental health issues that plagued some successful creators were central to their genius. The human antidotes to this mythology are worthy role models.
How creativity works – associative vs. bisociative thought, or habit vs. originality
At the 2013 99U Conference, Stanford Technology Ventures director Tina Seelig, author of inGenius: A Crash Course on Creativity, echoes Neil Gaiman’s timeless advice on failure and the creative life.
A wise woman once said it even better.
Also see Steve Jobs on the fear of failure.
The Four Personality Types
1. The Upholder (great at adhering to inner rules and outer rules)
2. The Questioner (good at inner rules, questions all outer rules)
3. The Rebel (doesn’t like any rules, inner or outer)
4. The Obliger (bad at sticking with inner rules, great at working with outer rules).
At the 2013 99U Conference, Gretchen Rubin, author of The Happiness Project — one of 7 essential books on the art and science of happiness — argues that habit is the key to happiness, and how we relate to rules is the key to habit.
How focusing on flourishing rather than happiness will help you worry less about money.
Price is a public matter — a negotiation between supply and demand. A thing’s price is set in competition. So the price of a car is determined by how much some people want it, how much they are willing to pay, and how ready the manufacturer is to sell. It’s a public activity: lots of people are involved in the process, but your voice is almost never important in setting the price.
Value, on the other hand, is a personal, ethical and aesthetic judgment — assigned finally by individuals, and founded on their perceptiveness, wisdom and character.